NEW MEXICAN HISPANIC
 CULTURE PRESERVATION LEAGUE

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Don Juan de Oñate by John Houser


"As to the Spanish stock of our Southwest, it is certain to me that we do not begin to appreciate the splendor and sterling value of its race element. Who knows but that element, like the course of some subterranean river, dripping invisibly for a hundred or two years, is now to emerge in broadest flow and permanent action?"—Walt Whitman
 
 

        Nuevo Mexico 1598-Present

                         Statehood 1912

España
 
1598-1821
223 years
  Mexico

1821 - 1848
27 years
 
United States

1848 - Present

 

TIMELINE:

Brief History of Hispanic Settlement in New Mexico

Moors Occupy Spain

711 Spain invaded by Moors from North Africa; 781 years of occupation follow

1492 "La Reconquista" (reconquest) of Granada, Spain; Moors and Jews driven out of southern Spain

Spanish Exploration of the Caribbean and Mexico

1492 Columbus voyages to the Americas

1519 Cortés arrives in Valley of Mexico

1521 Conquest of Tenochtítlan (Aztecs) by Cortés

1521-1561 Spanish consolidation of Mexico, consisting of expeditions and

settlements

Spanish Exploration of New Mexico

1528-1536 Pánfilo de Narváez expedition shipwrecked near Galveston, Texas; survivors traverse New Mexico ( Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Andrés Dorantes, Alonso del Castillo Moldonado, and Estebanico)

1539 Fray Marcos de Niza expedition

1540-1542 Coronado expedition to New Mexico

1581 Rodríguez, Chamuscado expedition to New Mexico

1582 Beltrán, Espejo expedition to New Mexico

1590 Castaño de Sosa expedition to New Mexico

1595 Leyba, Umana expedition to New Mexico Juan de Oñate contracted to settle New Mexico

Spanish Provincial Era in New Mexico

1598 First settlement in New Mexico established at San Juan de los Caballeros - the Knights of Saint John

1607 Santa Fe founded

 

 Significant Dates in New Mexico Hispanic Culture

and History

SIGNIFICANT DATES IN NEW MEXICO HISPANIC HISTORY

January

1 Año Nuevo - New Year's Day - Día de los Manueles

6 Día de Los Reyes Magos (Spanish or Little Christmas)

6 1822 NM Celebrates Mexican Independance

12 1912 New Mexico Statehood

14 1847 Taos insurrection begins - Gov. Bent assassinated

16 1793 Birth of Padre Antonio Martinez

21 Martin Luther King’s Birthday

22 1599 Battle of Ácoma with Spanish settlers

25 1625 Enthronement of La Conquistadora

February

2 Día de la Candelaria (do not wash clothes lest your house burns)

3 1847 Battle of Taos with U.S. troops

6 Ash Wednesday

18 Presidents Day Observed

?? Legisature’s Hispanic Day

13 1888 Death comes for Archbishop Lamy

18 1878 Lincoln County War begins

21 1862 Civil War Battle of Valverde

24 1500 Birth of King Charles I (HRE Charles V) of España

27 1865 Birth of Élfego Baca

28 1786 Comanche Peace Treaty signed by de Anza and Ecueracapa

March

7 1539 Fray Marcos de Niza enters New Mexico

14 1780 Bernardo de Gálvez captures Mobile from British forces

17 Día de San Patricio (Patron of Irishmen)

16 Palm Sunday

19 Día de San José (Spanish Fathers' Day)

21 Good Friday - Viernes Santo

22 Holy Saturday - Sabado de Gloria - Día de las Glorias

23 Pascuas Floridas - Easter Sunday

 

26 1862 Civil War Battle of Glorieta

April New Mexican Hispanic History Month

1 April Fools Day

3 Día de San Ricardo (A great saint)

8 1704 Death of Don Diego de Vargas

8 1888 Birth of Dennis Chavez

10 1650 First Taos Trade Fair held

21 El Paso Dedication

28 NMHCPL Thanksgiving Banquet

 

15 1542 Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca completes trek of Southwest

16 1605 Don Juan de Oñate inscribes his name at El Morro

19 1829 Death of Pedro B. Pino - Only NM Delegate to Spanish Cortes

21 1695 La Villa de la Santa Cruz de la Cañada founded

21 1875 Death of Padre José Manuel Gallegos

22 1451 Birth of Queen Isabel I La Catolica of España

22 1540 Coronado Expedition to NM begins

24 1833 Birth of Rafael Chacón

26 1706 La Villa de Alburquerque founded

26 Founders’ Day Parade

27 1610 Villagrá Epic Historia de la Nueva Mexico published

28 1610 La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís founded (assigned date - actual date not known)

30 1598 El Reino de la Nueva Mexico founded - Entrada of Oñate - First Thanksgiving - El Camino Real extended.

May

1 May Day

10 Día de San Isidro (Patron of NM farmers)

11 Mothers’ Day

15 Las Golondrinas Blessing of the fields St. Isidore

17 Día de San Pascual (Patron of NM cooks)

20 1506 Death of Cristobal Colón (Christopher Columbus)

26 Día de San Felipe Neri (Patron of Alburquerque)

26 Memorial Day

June

3 1626 Death of Don Juan de Oñate

7 Fiestas de San Felipe

15 Fathers’ Day

23 1540 Coronado enters New Mexico

23 1694 Velasco/Farfán (de Vargas) colonists enter Santa Fé

24 Día de San Juan (St. John the Baptist’s Day - Día de los Juanes) First day for swimming in NM rivers.

24 1552 Birth of Don Juan de Oñate observed

July

4 1776 The Spanish ensure American Independence Day

4 1776 Dominguez/Escalante Expedition begins to blaze Old Spanish Trail

5 1843 Second expedition of Tejanos surrenders

7 1540 Coronado reaches Cibola

11 1598 NM Founded at San Juan de los Caballeros

12 1541 Coronado reaches Quívira

14 1881 Billy the Kid is killed

25 Día de Santiago (Patron saint of Spanish people and NMHCPL)

26 Día de Santa Ana (Patron of horsewomen)

August

9 1851 Archbishop Lamy and Vicar Machebeuf arrive in Santa Fe

10 Día de San Lorenzo (Patron of cooks and restauranteurs)

10 1680 St. Lawrence Day Massacre -

10 Remembrance of the 400+ Martyrs of New Mexico

11 1623 Don Juan de Oñate exonerated by Rey Felipe IV de España

11 1837 Revolt of El Cantón de la Cañada with Mexico

18 1846 NM Territory begins - Kearny enters Santa Fe

22 1846 Kearny Proclamation

25 1451 Birth of Cristobal Colón (Christopher Columbus)

September

1 1794 La Villa de San Miguel del Bado founded

1 Labor Day

3 1779 Don Juan Bautista de Anza defeats Cuerno Verde at Greenhorn. CO.

5-21 NM State Fair

5 Santa Fe Fiestas begin

9 Zozobra burned

10 1693 Velasco/Farfán (de Vargas) Colonists leave Cd. Mexico

15 National Hispanic Month begins

16 1826 Mexican Independence - NM under Mexican rule

October

4 Día de San Francisco de Asís (Patron of Santa Fe & Archdiocese)

4 Balloon Fiesta starts

9 Columbus Day observed (Dia de Christobal Colon)

10 1841 First Tejano Expedition surrenders at Anton Chico

 12 1492 Columbus Discovers America - Día de la Hispanidad

18 1818 Birth of Manuel Antonio Cháves (El Leoncito)

30 1815 Birth of Padre José Manuel Gallegos

30 1884 Élfego Baca standoff

31 Holloween

November

1 Día de Todos Santos

2 Día de Todas Almas

8 1643 Birth of Don Diego de Vargas

11 Veterans Day

25 1542 NM Proto-martyrdom of Fray Juan de la Cruz at Tiguex

26 1504 Death of Queen Isabel I La Catolica of España

27 American Thanksgiving

December

9 1853 Death of Manuel Armijo

11 1598 Zaldívar Massacre at Ácoma

12 Día de NSD Guadalupe (Patron of New Mexico)

16 1693 Don Diego de Vargas and returning colonists enter Santa Fe - reconquista complete

19 1788 Death of Don Juan Bautista de Anza at Arispe, Sonora, Mexico.

24 1600 Las Casas colonists arrive in New Mexico

25 Día de Navidad o Pascuas Nevadas

25 1846 U.S./Mexican War Battle of Brazitos


 

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